Why was the Catholic threat greater by the 1580s?
Catholics saw Mary as the rightful queen of England. In 1570 the Pope produced a Papal Bull of Excommunication that said that Elizabeth was excommunicated (thrown out) of the Catholic Church and he ordered Catholics not to obey her. This meant that by the 1580s Elizabeth was under threat from the Catholic Church.
How did the Dutch revolt increase Catholic threat?
– The Dutch revolt also increased the threat as it brought Alba’s 10,000 Catholic troops in close proximity to England. – Elizabeth’s actions also increased the threat as, by sheltering Dutch Sea Beggars and taking the Geonese loan, she damaged Anglo-Spanish relations.
What was Elizabeth’s response to the Catholic threat after 1580?
Medium level response
Elizabeth passed harsh laws against Catholics. Firstly, the Act of Persuasions passed in 1581 raised the fine which recusants had to pay and allowed the imprisonment of recusants. The Act against Priests was also passed in 1585 and allowed the death penalty for anyone shielding Catholic priests.
How successful was Elizabeth in dealing with the Catholic threat?
Elizabeth had been shocked by the opposition to her plans by Catholic nobles in the House of Lords. She realised many people were still Catholic, possibly the majority, so she trod carefully in the years following the Settlement. As a result, a policy of toleration towards Catholics was followed.
Why did the Catholic threat increase?
‘The main reason why the Catholic threat to Elizabeth I increased after 1566 was due to the Dutch Revolt’. How far do you agree? Elizabeth had been in power for eight years by 1566 and it was at this time that the Catholic threat began to increase.
Why was the Pope a threat to Elizabeth?
The Northern Rebellion, an uprising led by Catholic nobles in the north, was the first serious threat to Elizabeth’s power. The pope’s bull was issued to support this rebellion. The papal bull excommunicated Elizabeth and stated that English Catholics were not required to obey her.
What was the Catholic threat?
Many Catholics in England were not happy with Elizabeth’s Settlement. They had enjoyed religious freedom under Queen Mary, Elizabeth’s sister, and they were now being asked to change or deny their beliefs. Many couldn’t make this compromise and left to live in exile abroad.
What caused the Dutch revolt against Spain?
One of the primary reasons that the Dutch revolt occurred was the succession of Philip II. Many Dutch people resented him for various reasons. … Because they resented their new ruler, Philip II imposed heavy taxes on Dutch provinces and persecuted them based on their religion.
How effectively did Elizabeth deal with the threat from Spain?
Its complete failure effectively ended any threat England faced from Spain. Elizabeth did not follow up this success. Despite the advice of the ‘sea dogs’, she knew that England needed a strong (but non-threatening) Spain to counter-balance France.
How did Elizabeth respond to the papal bull?
The papal bull of excommunication issued on 25 February 1570 declared that Elizabeth was a pretender, and called upon her subjects to disobey her. This showed that the pope did not consider Elizabeth to be the lawful ruler of England and that he wished to remove her from power.
How did Elizabeth react to the papal bull?
The bull declared Queen Elizabeth excommunicated and absolved her subjects from any allegiance to her. It also excommunicated any that obeyed her orders. Its argument drew on the hierocratic theory of the papacy established by medieval canonists.