Which months were named after gods?
Tradition had it that Romulus named the first month, Martius, after his own father, Mars, the god of war. This month was followed by Aprilis, Maius, and Iunius, names derived from deities or aspects of Roman culture.
Who named the 12 months?
Why are there 12 months in the year? Julius Caesar’s astronomers explained the need for 12 months in a year and the addition of a leap year to synchronize with the seasons. At the time, there were only ten months in the calendar, while there are just over 12 lunar cycles in a year.
Who made January the first month?
Pope Gregory XIII established the Gregorian calendar in 1582 and kept January as the first month. We still use his calendar today. Of course, the Romans are not the only ones who developed a calendar.
What is January the awareness month for?
Other awareness campaigns during January include: National Glaucoma Awareness Month: Supported by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and the National Eye Institute (NEI) , this campaign highlights the dangers of glaucoma, for which there is currently no cure.
What were the original names of the months?
The 10 months were named Martius, Aprilis, Maius, Junius, Quintilis, Sextilis, September, October, November, and December. The last six names were taken from the words for five, six, seven, eight, nine, and ten.